Skyscrapers started to emerge in the cities like Chicago and New York towards the end of 19th century. Over the century has passed since, and the skyscrapers became the norm for the city centers throughout the world.
The cities citizens’ number is higher and higher every year. For the first time in history it was reported in 2008 that more than 50% of population lives in the cities. According to the scientists forecast this percentage will rise to 75% in 2050. Fifties years ago there were only eight metropolises with the number of citizens more than five millions. Today there are 64 cities like that, 26 of them are 10 millions citizens and the record holder city – Tokio is inhabited by 34 millions people. The problems of overpopulation and the lack of space are getting to be more and more important. For years we have been trying to arrange our apartments to find as much space as possible and when we decide to live in a present – day city we automatically agree for a lack of this space. The solution can be skyscraper proposed by us, the one which can completely change the metropolis structure, one which will be practically a separate city.
While developing the model our main inspiration was Manhattan. The world highest density of population (27300os/km2) is reported to be on the island in the center of New York City. Under the metropolis there will be placed special balloons which will gather warm air ‘given back’ by the overpopulated city. When the balloons reach the critical mass they will push out the buildings placed above them. What if the giant balloons are placed under the whole Central Park?
The city zoning shapes the form of our skyscraper. The center of the metropolis with the high rise buildings will be the highest part of our skyscraper-city. The surrounded buildings – a great gathering of culture and business, will create another layer. The next layer will be made of housing estates and tower blocks. The lowest layer will be a construction made of single-family-house estates which usually are to be seen in the large cities suburbs.